INA staff, together with faculty and graduate students of the Nautical Archaeology Program at Texas A&M University, congratulate the recipients of the 2021 recipients who received INA’s distinguished awards.
The Bozburun Byzantine Shipwreck Final Report
2021 George and Ann Bass Endowment for Nautical Archaeology Publications, Fred & B.J. Van Doorninck Byzantine Shipwreck Fund
John McManamon (S.J., Ph.D., Emeritus Professor of History at Loyola University Chicago)
The Bozburun Byzantine shipwreck sank around 890 off the Turkish coast and has been known by Turkish sponge divers for some time. One of those generous divers, Mehmet Aşkın, volunteered to show the wreck to Dr. George Bass during AINA’s first survey in 1973. Under the field direction of Dr. Frederick M. Hocker, presently Director of Research for the Vasa Museum in Stockholm, INA staff excavated the Bozburun wreck between 1995 and 1998. The final report will cover the historical and economic background, maritime topography, history of the excavation, hull remains, reconstruction of the sail and rigging, ship’s equipment, crew’s equipment and possessions, faunal and plant remains, the cargo of wine amphoras, and the ship’s final voyage. This project includes an amphora database that will permit initial analysis of the cargo, particularly from a statistical point of view, and provide interested researchers the means to scrutinize the assemblage of cargo containers and compare them to others that have been or will be excavated.
The Santo António de Tanná Final Report
2021 George and Ann Bass Endowment for Nautical Archaeology Publications
Jeremy Green (Ph.D., Head of the Department of Maritime Archaeology in the Western Australia Museum)
Santo António de Tanná was a Portuguese frigate that was dispatched in 1697, by the Portuguese Viceroy in Goa, to relieve Fort Jesus, Mombasa, which was under siege by the Omanis. After completing its mission, the ship became stranded on the shoreline reef, capsizing next to the fort. The wreck was discovered in 1972 and excavated between 1977-1981 under the auspices of the National Museums of Kenya and the Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA) under the direction of Robin Piercy. The Santo António de Tanná report will consist of 29 chapters dealing with the history of the ship and its sinking, its discovery, and excavation and survey, in addition to an in-depth artifact catalogue of over 8,000 artifacts. As part of this project a 3D visualization of the hull timbers will be created from legacy data from the underwater photographs recorded at the time of the excavation. This will allow the archaeologists to virtually remeasure the site that was excavated over 40 years ago in Mombasa Harbor.
The 16th-Century Galleon at Ribadeo, Spain
Claude Duthuit Archaeology Grant
Miguel San Claudio
The long fight for dominance of the Atlantic in the last years of the 16th century produced numerous archaeological sites in the waters around the ancient Kingdom of Galicia, Spain. The best preserved of these deposits is that of the galleon San Giacomo di Galizia (Santiago de Galicia, Saint James from Galicia) sunk in Ribadeo in 1597. This gigantic 1,200-ton ship was built in Castellammare di Stabia, former Spanish kingdom of Naples. She was constructed as a warship and represents the best shipbuilding technology of her time. Discovered in 2011, she has been under study since 2012 by an international team of professionals and students from Europe and the Americas. This ship brings us the first and unique opportunity in the study of a Spanish war galleon from 16th c. This year the work will focus on completing the portside excavation and record the ship’s structure in depth.